Pomegranate

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Pomegranate

Binomial name: Passiflora edulis ligularis The pomegranate is the fruit of a deciduous shrub or small tree growing up to 5 m tall. Origin: it is originally of Asia, Persia (now Iran) and Afghanistan, although the Phoenicians exported it to the Western Mediterranean; Carthage led its production and exportation. Since the 18th dynasty until beginnings of the 2000 B.C. it was cultivated in Egypt. Medicinal values: it has astringent, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, anti-diarrhea, antidiabetic and antibacterial action. Caloric value per 100 g: 62 kcal Curiosities: it is thought to have aphrodisiac effects and it is related to fertility ceremonies. In Greece this fruit was used in...

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Strawberry

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Strawberry

Binomial name: Fragaria sp. The plant of the strawberry is an herbaceous perennial plant, and it has a root system divided in roots and rootlets. Origin: new varieties generated at the entrance of Virginia strawberry, in the 19th century, managed to increase the size, but also diminish the flavour. Afterwards it crossed this variety with a Chilean one and it achieved the balance, obtaining a big and tasty strawberry. Medicinal values: it boosts the immune system, it improves skin status and it regulates hepatic functions. Caloric value per 100 g: 24 kcal Varieties: Camarosa, Oso grande, Pájaro. Curiosities: if pregnant woman carry a little bag with strawberry leaves is said to they will alleviate them the typical discomforts of pregnancy. For medieval stonemasons, who sculpted strawberry forms, this fruit represented perfection...

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Apricot

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Apricot

Binomial name: Prunus armeniaca L. The apricot tree is a small deciduous tree of crown rounded, that can reach 10 m height. Origin: it is native to the temperate areas of Asia (North Korea, South of the region of Usuria, Manchuria and North China). Medicinal values: thanks to provitamin A and beta-carotene, the apricots are recommended for skin troubles, as well as cardiovascular, degenerative and cancer diseases. Besides, apricot has diuretic qualities. Caloric value per 100 g: 48 kcal Varieties: Bulida, Moniquí, Galta Roja. Curiosities: the french philosopher and man of letters Fontenelle (1657 – 1757) was a regular consumer of some recipes that his grandmother made with fresh, dry or canned apricots. He attributed his longevity to this...

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Lemon

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Lemon

Binomial name: Citrus lemon (L.) Burm.f. The lemon tree is a small tree that does not exceed the 6 m of height. Origin: the lemon has an antiquity of 20 million years and it is native to South-East Asia, from the valleys located in the South of the Himalaya. From there, the Arabs introduced its cultivation in Europe and in Spain between the years 1000 and 1200. Medicinal values: it improves the function of the liver, kidneys and gallbladder. It strenghtens the bronchi, it soothes the throat and the gums, and it helps in colds. Caloric value per 100 g: 25 kcal Varieties: Lisbon, Eureka, Primofiori, Verna. Curiosities: during the artificial ripening process, lemons have gone from green to yellow. They are placed in a camera acclimatised to 10 degrees and a humidity of...

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Mandarin

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Mandarin

Binomial name: Citrus reticulata The tree is small, between 3 – 5 m height. It has usually the trunk twisted and without spines. Origin: it comes from East and South-East Asia, and from China was entered in Southern Europe, North Africa and North America, places where it is cultivated from the 19th century. Medicinal values: the most remarkable of this valuable fruit is its high content in vitamin C. Mandarins taken four pieces per day cover the daily needs of this vitamin. It is fundamental in the diet of pregnant women, smokers, newborns and diabetics. Caloric value per 100 g: 41 kcal Varieties: Clementine: Clemenules, Oronules, Hernandina. Satsuma: Owari, Clausellina. Curiosities: the name of the father Pierre Clément is the one who gave the term to the clementine, after being discovered by him in the garden of a hospice in Algeria, of which he was...

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Melon

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Melon

      Yellow                                       Cantaloupe Piel de sapo (toad skin) or Santa Claus melon   Binomial name: Cucumis melo L. The melon is born from a herbaceous plant. The fruit has an ellipsoidal form and a length between 20 to 30 cm. Origin: it is usually situated in South Asia, in concrete in the ancient Persia, reaching as far as Egypt. Greeks and Romans popularised it in the Mediterranean. In the 16th and 17th centuries Europeans carried it until America, with a favourable climate for its crop. Medicinal values: its high content in water stimulates the renal function. It is recommended in cases of dehydration with mineral losses. Caloric value per 100 g: 30 kcal Varieties: green melon, yellow melon, Cantaloupo, Galia. Curiosities: the CSIC (Spanish National Research Council) created a cultivation system that allowed to collect the fruits even twenty days after the normal cut and also to conserve in cold chamber a month and a half (in front of the normal shelf...

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