Binomial name: Raphanus sativus

Pertaining to the crucifers family, the plant can be annual or bianual. The root is thick, fleshy, very variable regarding size, of red pink or white skin.

Origin: it is thought that big radishes comes from South Asia and that they were very used in the olden days, so much in the Greek culture as in the Roman. Anyway, its cultivation is very extended in Europe and America. Small radishes were originated in the Mediterranean region.

Medicinal values: the radish is a good antiscorbutic, because of the big quantity of vitamin C that possesses and because it constitutes a fundamental antioxidant, by what it eliminates organic waste. Besides, it has a lot of importance in the prevention of cancer or in inhibition of cancer cells. It is also beneficial for the digestive system.

Caloric value per 100 g: 110 kcal

Varieties: the varieties include from the small roots (“rabanitos”) until the ones with big roots, like the black radish, pink or white (Japanese turnip).

Curiosities: in the past it was used as painkiller, as it seemed to present relaxing properties and induce sleep.