Binomial name: Cynara scolymus L.

It is a perennial plant with a very developed subterranean rhizome, in which the reserves are accumulated.

Origin: Southwest Asia, in Iran.

Medicinal values: it is stimulating, appetizer, tonic-hepatic, tonic-cardiac, purgative of blood, antitoxic and diuretic. It helps to delete urea and uric acid. It prevents a lot of cholesterol disorders: hardening of the arteries, angina pectoris, brain hemorrhage, etc. Unfortunately, the part that usually is taken is the one with fewer benefits.

Caloric value per 100 g: 50 kcal

Varieties: we can put into groups by head colour, light green or violet.

Curiosities: the name artichoke comes from an Arab term “al-kharshúf”; name related to the flower bracts.