Broccoli

Binomial name: Brassica oleracea L. var. Italica

It is a similar plant to the cauliflower although the leaves are used to be dark green, more curling.

Origin: it is native to the Eastern Mediterranean, specifically, in the Middle East (Asia Minor, Lebanon, Syria, etc.)

Medicinal values: it is a powerful antioxidant and anticarcinogenic, especially in cases of colon and lung cancer. It regularises insulin and blood sugar. Broccoli cooked destroys its antioxidant qualities.

Caloric value per 100 g: 35 kcal

Varieties: Admiral, Coaster, Greenduke.

Curiosities: the Romans used to cultivate this plant already, but its consumption began to assume importance only 30 years ago. It has a very characteristic flavour because of the presence of glucosinolate, that is found in all crucifers.