Chicory

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Chicory

Binomial name: Cichorim intybus Chicory is a plant that forms a rosette, which can be formed by 50 or more toothed leaves of violet or green colour. Origin: it’s from the Mediterranean region. Medicinal values: this vegetable is tonic, appetizer and diuretic. Caloric value per 100 g: 17 kcal Varieties: they are classifyed in two groups: root chicory and salad chicory. Curiosities: in the 17th century was very important its growing in orchards; varieties less bitter were selected for its approval on the table. Escarole and endive are fruit of the improvement of this...

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Parsley

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Parsley

Binomial name: Petroselinum crispum It is a biannual plant that it is cultivated for its leaves. The stalks are erect, and the leaves, smooth or curling, very aromatic and hairless petiole. Origin: parsley is a plant native to the Mediterranean area, although it is cultivated across Europe, since its use as a condiment is very widespread. Medicinal values: it is diuretic, since it helps to eliminate body fluids; it also helps in digestion, it reduces flatulences and it whets the appetite; it is useful as eyedrops, as it alleviates overworked eyes; it also calms earache, toothache and tendons; it protects the capillary wall so that it will be more resistant to the blows; it transmits a relaxing effect to our body; it combats bad breath; it stimulates menstrual cycle. Caloric value per 100 g: 55 kcal Varieties: common parsley and the curling one are the most usual. Curiosities: parsley thin your blood and prevent clotting. This makes it a dangerous food to small birds; we do not have to give it to our canary or...

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Potato

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Potato

Binomial name: Solanum tuberosum It is a plant of the Solanaceae family, of the gender solanum. It is a starchy, tuberous crop. Origin: the potato is native to South America, but nowadays it is cultivated all over the world. In the 16th century it arrived to Europe, and from there it was spread to the rest of the world, included United States and Canada, where it arrived in the 18th century. At the beginning, the potato was only intended for fodder. Medicinal values: people who have kidney problems must leave to soak potatoes to remove potassium before eat it, during, at least 10 hours. It is also indicated for obese people, since it contains very few kilocalories, although they never have to eat it fried but boiled. Diabetics can also eat it, although without abusing. Caloric value per 100 g: 86 kcal Varieties: red, white, purple. Curiosities: the Netherlands is regarded as the leading country in potatoes. Dutch potatoes have more than 250...

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Escarole

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Escarole

Binomial name: Cichorium endive Escarole is an annual and biannual plant, pertaining to the Asteraceae family. Origin: its origin is uncertain, as it has been cultivated in zones so different as the Mediterranean or the Indian. What seems very clear is the consumption by Egyptians, natural or cooked. In Spain, curled-leaved endives have always been cultivated, but no broad-leaved endives, that began to produce in the 1960s . Medicinal values: it contains a lot of minerals like magnesium, iron, calcium or potassium, in addition to a particle designated intibina, that gives it a bitter flavour and that brings benefits to the digestive system. Caloric value per 100 g: 22 kcal Varieties: based on its morphology, exist two types of escaroles: broad-leaved or latifolium and curled-leaved or crispum. Curiosities: because of its neutral flavour and, in some cases, bitter, the escarole combines with fruits like the pomegranate, with which it can be used in...

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Lettuce

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Lettuce

      “Roble”                                        Romain       Lollo rosso                               Green Lollo Head lettuce   Binomial name: Lactuca sativa The lettuce belongs to the Asteraceae family and to the lactuca gender. This vegetable has changed throughout history. At present, its leaves are usually green, whatever the type of lettuce is; and lettuce has become the main ingredient in a good salad. Origin: there is a confusion on the origin of the lettuce. What is certain is that this plant is very common, and we can find it sometimes in the wild. Medicinal values: it has a lot of vegetables characteristics, so it aids digestion, intestinal activity, and it is a powerful diuretic. Caloric value per 100 g: 13 kcal Varieties: to discuss about lettuce is to do it of innumerable species, between them, Batavian, with green leaves and reddish tips; Iceberg, round, with big leaves and in a cabbage; Butterhead, similar to the iceberg but smaller; “Roble“, with curled leaves, green and brown; Lollo rosso, from Italy and red; Romaine, also called Spanish and with lengthened form, and Head lettuce, that is cultivated in the bank of the River...

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