Leek

Posted in Vegetables

Leek

Binomial name: Allium porrum The leek is a vegetable of the lilly family, that has more than 3.500 species. In addition to leek, also garlics, onions and chieves belong to the Allium gender. Origin: it seems to be from South Asia, and it is cultivated from the antiquity. However, its exact origin is unknown, because it has never found a wild variety. The leek was very appreciated in ancient civilisations, as the Hebrew, the Greek and the Roman, that they included this vegetable to their diet and it was used it also to cure diverse illneses. Medicinal values: water is the main ingredient of the leek, so it is recommended to people that is following a weight loss diet. Its high content in fibre improves intestinal traffic, and vitamin C applies a powerful antioxidant function in the organism. Caloric value per 100 g: 26 kcal Varieties: – Short and semi-long: Grueso de Rouen, Musselburgh, Platina. – Long: Of Gennevillier, Of Meziers, Of Bulgaria. Curiosities: leeks were very appreciated in the ancient Egypt, where Pharaohs considered them exquisite. Inside some pyramids there are hieroglyphic that show slaves eating leeks like something...

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Potato

Posted in Vegetables

Potato

Binomial name: Solanum tuberosum It is a plant of the Solanaceae family, of the gender solanum. It is a starchy, tuberous crop. Origin: the potato is native to South America, but nowadays it is cultivated all over the world. In the 16th century it arrived to Europe, and from there it was spread to the rest of the world, included United States and Canada, where it arrived in the 18th century. At the beginning, the potato was only intended for fodder. Medicinal values: people who have kidney problems must leave to soak potatoes to remove potassium before eat it, during, at least 10 hours. It is also indicated for obese people, since it contains very few kilocalories, although they never have to eat it fried but boiled. Diabetics can also eat it, although without abusing. Caloric value per 100 g: 86 kcal Varieties: red, white, purple. Curiosities: the Netherlands is regarded as the leading country in potatoes. Dutch potatoes have more than 250...

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Escarole

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Escarole

Binomial name: Cichorium endive Escarole is an annual and biannual plant, pertaining to the Asteraceae family. Origin: its origin is uncertain, as it has been cultivated in zones so different as the Mediterranean or the Indian. What seems very clear is the consumption by Egyptians, natural or cooked. In Spain, curled-leaved endives have always been cultivated, but no broad-leaved endives, that began to produce in the 1960s . Medicinal values: it contains a lot of minerals like magnesium, iron, calcium or potassium, in addition to a particle designated intibina, that gives it a bitter flavour and that brings benefits to the digestive system. Caloric value per 100 g: 22 kcal Varieties: based on its morphology, exist two types of escaroles: broad-leaved or latifolium and curled-leaved or crispum. Curiosities: because of its neutral flavour and, in some cases, bitter, the escarole combines with fruits like the pomegranate, with which it can be used in...

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Lettuce

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Lettuce

      “Roble”                                        Romain       Lollo rosso                               Green Lollo Head lettuce   Binomial name: Lactuca sativa The lettuce belongs to the Asteraceae family and to the lactuca gender. This vegetable has changed throughout history. At present, its leaves are usually green, whatever the type of lettuce is; and lettuce has become the main ingredient in a good salad. Origin: there is a confusion on the origin of the lettuce. What is certain is that this plant is very common, and we can find it sometimes in the wild. Medicinal values: it has a lot of vegetables characteristics, so it aids digestion, intestinal activity, and it is a powerful diuretic. Caloric value per 100 g: 13 kcal Varieties: to discuss about lettuce is to do it of innumerable species, between them, Batavian, with green leaves and reddish tips; Iceberg, round, with big leaves and in a cabbage; Butterhead, similar to the iceberg but smaller; “Roble“, with curled leaves, green and brown; Lollo rosso, from Italy and red; Romaine, also called Spanish and with lengthened form, and Head lettuce, that is cultivated in the bank of the River...

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Spinach

Posted in Vegetables

Spinach

Binomial name: Spinacia oleracea This vegetable, pertaining to the chenopodiaceae family, changes as the same time that grows and develops. Origin: the strange spinach arrived from Asia, possibly of Persia (now Iran). They were introduced in Europe in 1000 A.D. and, although they already existed in Roman times as a wild plant, it was in the 18th century when they began to have a social significance in cooking. Medicinal values: as other vegetables that have a lot of water and have beneficial effects for the human body function, spinaches are also valued in medicine. They have a low energetic value, hardly 30 kilocalories per 100 grams, making them adviseable for people who are following a diet. Caloric value per 100 g: 28 kcal Varieties: Polea, Valeta, Rico, Carambole. Curiosities: although spinaches were popularised by the character of Popeye the Sailor Man, and vice versa, the relation was based in a misunderstanding, since the association of the spinach with a high content in iron is entirely...

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